It can happen to anyone. You went with
yum distro-sync transaction that got interrupted and your system is broken. And you want to know how to fix it.
The most obvious step to try is to tell yum to finish what it started:
or try to roll-back with:
# # See the ID of the distro-sync # yum history list # yum history undo ID
If that does not take you to the happy end or you suspect something is still wrong, keep on reading.
When you do a Fedora upgrade, yum wants to replace all your packages from the old version to the new one. And when you interrupt the transaction, your system ends in a mixed state having the packages from both version. The idea how to fix that is simple.
First you want yum to know the right
$releasever. Know that even if newer fedora-release packages are installed and system show the right (desired) version when you run:
$ cat /etc/redhat-release
yum might still think you are on the old one. You need to delete any fedora-release packages that does not come from your disired Fedora version.
For instead imagine a broken update from f20 to f21:
$ rpm -qa *release* fedora-release-20-3.noarch fedora-release-notes-21.08-1.fc21.noarch rpmfusion-nonfree-release-21-1.noarch rpmfusion-free-release-21-1.noarch fedora-release-21-2.noarch fedora-release-nonproduct-21-2.noarch
As you can see you need to
yum remove the old fedora-release packages. Once that is done, you don’t need to supply
--releasever option to yum and yum should still correctly determine the version you are running.
And since it is more than likely that they are more duplicate packages like that, you want to remove them to:
# package-cleanup --cleandupes
If that fails you, install
Afterwards you should be able to do
yum distro-sync and
yum update just fine.
But what about the kernel you ask? Chances are you still run the old one:
$ rpm -qa kernel kernel-3.17.7-200.fc20.x86_64 kernel-3.17.7-300.fc21.x86_64 kernel-3.15.6-200.fc20.x86_64 $ uname -r 3.17.7-200.fc20.x86_64
In my example we have 3 kernels installed and the latest kernel for f20 running. That is certainly not what we want.
If you need to tell grub to use different kernel, look at the approved answer by Jamie Nguyen on Ask Fedora. I am including the answer here for convenience:
Open /etc/default/grub and ensure this line exists:
Apply the change to grub.cfg by running:
$ grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/grub2/grub.cfg
List all possible menu entries:
$ grep ^menuentry /boot/grub2/grub.cfg | cut -d "'" -f2
Set the desired default menu entry:
$ grub2-set-default <menu entry title>
Verify the default menu entry:
$ grub2-editenv list
At this point most of the things should be in order and if you hit a problem with a broken package, just reinstall it.
I am writing an introductory book on web application deployment. Networking, processes, systemd, backups, and all your usual suspects.